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Clinical Trial Finds Decision-Support Strategy Can Reduce Antibiotic Overuse for Acute Bronchitis

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, JANUARY 14, 2013 Media Advisory: To contact Ralph Gonzales, M.D., M.S.P.H., call Jason Bardi at 415-502-4608 or email jason.bardi@ucsf.edu. To contact commentary author Jeffrey A. Linder, M.D., M.P.H., call Tom Langford at 617-534-1605 or email tlangford@partners.org. CHICAGO – The percentage of adolescents and adults prescribed antibiotics for acute…

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JAMA Ophthalmology Study Highlights

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), THURSDAY, JANUARY 10, 2013   JAMA Ophthalmology Study Highlights A study based on computerized simulation modeling suggests that aggressive surveillance protocols that recommend computed tomography (CT) scanning or positron emission tomography (PET)/CT scanning for monitoring patients with primary choroidal or ciliary body melanoma for distant metastasis may be associated…

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JAMA Psychiatry Study Highlight

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 9, 2013   JAMA Psychiatry Study Highlights A survey of 6,483 adolescents ages 13 to 18 years and their parents estimates the lifetime prevalence of suicide ideation, plans and attempts are 12.1 percent, 4 percent and 4.1 percent, respectively (Online First). A study in Australia, which included…

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JAMA Pediatrics Study Highlights

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, JANUARY 7, 2013   JAMA Pediatrics Study Highlights Approximately 70 percent of elementary school-age children met physical activity guidelines, and nearly 54 percent met screen-time viewing guidelines, but fewer than 4 in 10 children met both recommendations concurrently, according to a review of data from 1,218 children age…

Study Examines Costs of Breast Cancer Screening in Medicare Recipients

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, JANUARY 7, 2013 Media Advisory: To contact Cary P. Gross, M.D., call 203-432-1326 or email karen.peart@yale.edu. To contact commentary author Jeanne S. Mandelblatt, M.D., M.P.H., call Karen Mallet at 215-514-9751 or email km463@georgetown.edu. CHICAGO – Breast cancer screening costs in the Medicare program topped $1 billion annually in…

JAMA Internal Medicine Study Highlights

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, JANUARY 7, 2013   JAMA Internal Medicine Study Highlights Breast cancer screening costs in the Medicare program topped $1 billion annually in the fee-for-service program during 2006 to 2007, with substantial regional variation driven by newer and more expensive technologies, although it is unclear whether higher screening costs…

Cognitive Deficits, Depression May be More Common in Aging Football Players

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, JANUARY 7, 2013 Media Advisory: To contact John Hart Jr., M.D., call Shelly Kirkland at 972-883-3221 or email shelly.kirkland@utdallas.edu. To contact editorial author Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, M.D., Ph.D., call Sharon Willis at 301-295-3578 or email sharon.willis@usuhs.edu. CHICAGO – Cognitive deficits and depression may be more common in aging former…

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Economic Environment During Infancy Appears Associated With Substance Use, Delinquent Behavior During Adolescence

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, DECEMBER 31, 2012 Media Advisory: To contact Seethalakshmi Ramanathan call Susan Cole 315-464-6547 or email colesu@upstate.edu. CHICAGO – The larger economic environment during infancy may be associated with subsequent substance use and delinquent behavior during adolescence, according to a report published Online First by Archives of General Psychiatry,…

Late-Life Depression Associated with Prevalent Mild Cognitive Impairment, Increased Risk of Dementia

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, DECEMBER 31, 2012 Media Advisory: To contact study author José A. Luchsinger, M.D., M.P.H., call Elizabeth Streich at 212-305-3689 or email eas2125@columbia.edu. CHICAGO – Depression in a group of Medicare recipients ages 65 years and older appears to be associated with prevalent mild cognitive impairment and an increased…

Archives of Internal Medicine Study Highlights

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, DECEMBER 31, 2012 Archives of Internal Medicine Study Highlights Changes in pill color were associated with increased odds of medication nonpersistence (persistence was measured as the duration of the time from initiation to discontinuation of therapy) in a study that examined switching between different-appearing antiepileptic drugs (Online First.)…

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Study Finds Children with Chronic Conditions Increasingly Use Available Resources in Children’s Hospitals

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, DECEMBER 24, 2012 Media Advisory: To contact Jay G. Berry, M.D., M.P.H., call Rob Graham or Erin Tornatore at 617-919-3110 or email Rob.Graham@childrens.harvard.edu or erin.tornatore@childrens.harvard.edu. To contact editorial author Julia A. McMillan, M.D., call Kim Hoppe at 410-502-9430 or email khoppe1@jhmi.edu. To contact editorial corresponding author Steven M….

Elevated Levels of C-Reactive Protein Appear Associated with Psychological Distress, Depression

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, DECEMBER 24, 2012 Media Advisory: To contact corresponding author Børge Grønne Nordestgaard, M.D., D.M.Sc., email Boerge.Nordestgaard@regionh.dk. CHICAGO – Elevated levels of C-reactive protein, a marker of inflammatory disease, appear to be associated with increased risk of psychological distress and depression in the general population of adults in Denmark,…

Study Examines Overuse of Ambulatory Health Care Services in United States

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, DECEMBER 24, 2012 Media Advisory: To contact Minal S. Kale, M.D., call the Mount Sinai School of Medicine Press Office at 212- 241-9200 or email newsmedia@mssm.edu. CHICAGO – An analysis of nationally representative survey data found significant improvement in the delivery of underused care, but more limited changes…

Analyses of 10 Studies Suggests that Blood Transfusion is Associated with Increased Risk of Death for Patients with Heart Attack

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, DECEMBER 24, 2012 Media Advisory: To contact Saurav Chatterjee, M.D., call David Orenstein at 401-863-1862 or email David_Orenstein@brown.edu. To contact commentary corresponding author Jeffrey L. Carson, M.D., call Patty Hansen at 732-235-6307 or email hansenmp@umdnj.edu. CHICAGO – A meta-analysis of 10 studies suggests that receipt of a blood…

Archives of Internal Medicine Study Highlights

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, DECEMBER 24, 2012 Archives of Internal Medicine Study Highlights A meta-analysis of 10 studies suggests that receipt of a blood transfusion among patients with myocardial infarction (heart attack) was associated with increased all-cause mortality compared with not receiving a blood transfusion during heart attack (Online First, see news…

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Research Letter Examines European Medicines Agency’s Policy on Access to Documents

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 9 A.M. (CT), WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 19, 2012 Media Advisory: To contact corresponding research letter author Peter Doshi, Ph.D., call Tim Parsons at 410-955-7619 or email tmparson@jhsph.edu. To contact commentary author Robert Steinbrook, M.D, call Helen Dodson at 203-436-3984 or email helen.dodson@yale.edu. CHICAGO – The European Medicines Agency (EMA) has released more than…

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Archives of General Psychiatry Study Highlights

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, DECEMBER 17, 2012   Archives of General Psychiatry Study Highlights Cancer incidence rates among patients with psychiatric disorders do not appear to be increased compared to rates among the general population, however a study of mental health records linked with cancer registries and death records from January 1988…

Archives of Surgery Study Highlights

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, DECEMBER 17, 2012   Archives of Surgery Study Highlights Patients with diverticular disease (inflamed pouches [diverticula] in the intestine; usually the large intestine or colon) have worse and more costly outcomes after elective colectomy compared with patients with colon cancer, but better than patients with inflammatory bowel disease,…

Study Estimates Prevalence of Pediatric Caustic Ingestion Injuries

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, DECEMBER 17, 2012 Media Advisory: To contact author Christopher M. Johnson, M.D., call Sonja Hanson 619-532-9380 or sonja.hanson@med.navy.mil. CHICAGO – The annual economic burden of pediatric caustic ingestion injuries was estimated at nearly $23 million with an estimated prevalence of injuries requiring hospitalization for 807 children in 2009,…

Archives of Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery Study Highlights

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, DECEMBER 17, 2012   Archives of Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery Study Highlights The annual economic burden of pediatric caustic ingestion injuries was estimated at nearly $23 million with an estimated prevalence of injuries requiring hospitalization for 807 children in 2009 (see news release below). The number of patients…

Hair Practices May Be Barrier to Physical Activity for Some African-American Women

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, DECEMBER 17, 2012 Media Advisory: To contact Amy J. McMichael, M.D., call Bonnie Davis at 336-716-4977 or email bdavis@wakehealth.edu. CHICAGO – A study that surveyed 103 African-American women suggests that nearly 40 percent of the women reported avoiding exercise at times because of their hair, according to a…

Archives of Dermatology Study Highlights

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, DECEMBER 17, 2012   Archives of Dermatology Study Highlights A study that surveyed 103 African-American women suggests that nearly 40 percent of the women reported avoiding exercise at times because of their hair (Online First; see news release below). The vasodilator nifedipine, a calcium channel blocker, may be…

Study Examines Risk Reduction and Screening for Ovarian Cancer Among Women Following BRCA Testing

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, DECEMBER 17, 2012 Media Advisory: To contact Gabriel N. Mannis, M.D., call Elizabeth Fernandez at 415-514-1592 or email Elizabeth.Fernandez@UCSF.edu. To contact commentary corresponding author Victor Grann, M.D., M.P.H., call the Columbia University Medical Center Office of Communications at 212-305-3900 or email cumcnews@columbia.edu. CHICAGO – Following BRCA testing, many…

Archives of Internal Medicine Study Highlights

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, DECEMBER 17, 2012   Archives of Internal Medicine Study Highlights Following BRCA testing, many women who are non-BRCA carriers undergo risk-reducing procedures and additional ovarian cancer screenings, despite limited data to determine the effectiveness of these interventions among the general population (Online First; see news release below). A…

Inpatient Bariatric Procedures for Adolescents Appear to Have Plateaued Since 2003

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, DECEMBER 17, 2012 Media Advisory: To contact corresponding author Randall S. Burd, M.D., Ph.D., call Jennifer L. Stinebiser or Emily Hartman at 202-476-4500 or email JStinebi@childrensnational.org or EHartman@cnmc.org. CHICAGO – Inpatient bariatric procedures among adolescents appear to have plateaued since 2003 to about 1,000 procedures annually, and the…

Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine Study Highlights

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, DECEMBER 17, 2012   Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine Study Highlights Inpatient bariatric procedures among adolescents appear to have plateaued since 2003 to about 1,000 procedures annually, and the preferred type of operation has changed to minimally invasive laparoscopic procedures from open procedures (Online First, see news…

ARCHPEDI_OF:12122012

Cautionary Findings in Study of Web-Based Tool for Children with Flu-Like Illness

FOR RELEASE: 10 A.M. (CT), WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 12, 2012 Media Advisory: To contact corresponding author Arthur L. Kellermann, M.D., M.P.H., call Warren Robak at 310-451-6913 or email robak@rand.org. CHICAGO – While parents and caregivers reported that a web-based triage tool for children with influenza-like illness was easy to understand and use, the tool’s underlying mathematical…

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Archives of General Psychiatry Study Highlights

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, DECEMBER 10, 2012   Archives of General Psychiatry Study Highlights Parents of children who committed suicide appear to be at increased risk for adverse mental health outcomes (including depression, anxiety, alcohol use or dependence, drug abuse or dependence, suicide attempts and dementia), and social outcomes (low or loss…

Archives of Ophthalmology Study Highlights

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, DECEMBER 10, 2012   Archives of Ophthalmology Study Highlights The odds of individuals with open-angle glaucoma undergoing visual field testing decreased for all racial/ethnic groups from 2001 through 2009, but the odds decreased the most for Hispanic men and women in a study of enrollees in a large…

Study Suggests Vision Insurance Associated with Eye-Care Visits, Better Reported Vision

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 10 A.M. (CT), MONDAY, DECEMBER 10, 2012 Media Advisory: To contact Sudha Xirasagar, M.B.B.S., Ph.D., call Karen Petit at 803-477-1971 or email kpetit@mailbox.sc.edu. CHICAGO – Vision insurance for working-age adults appears to be associated with having eye care visits and reporting better vision, compared with individuals without insurance, according to a report…

Study Suggests Odds of Visual Field Testing for Glaucoma Decreased Most for Hispanics in Past Decade

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 10 A.M. (CT), MONDAY, DECEMBER 10, 2012 Media Advisory: To contact Joshua D. Stein, M.D., M.S., call Betsy Nisbet at 734-647-5586 or email bsnisbet@umich.edu. To contact editorial author Eve J. Higginbotham, S.M., M.D., call Lesley Ward at 202-828-0655 or email lward@aamc.org. CHICAGO – The odds of individuals with open-angle glaucoma undergoing visual…

Archives of Internal Medicine Study Highlights

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, DECEMBER 10, 2012   Archives of Internal Medicine Study Highlights Use of a personal digital assistant (PDA) and telephone coaching appears to enhance short-term weight loss when used in conjunction with an existing physician-directed weight loss treatment program (Online First; see news release below). Two adapted diabetes lifestyle…

Diabetes Prevention Program Interventions Lead To Reduced BMI over Usual Care

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, DECEMBER 10, 2012 Media Advisory: To contact author Jun Ma, M.D., Ph.D., call Cynthia Greaves at 650-934-8616 or 650-444-3019 or email greavec@pamf.org. CHICAGO – Two adapted diabetes lifestyle interventions resulted in weight loss, as well as improvements in waist circumference and fasting plasma glucose level, for overweight or…

Addition of Technology to Standard Weight Loss Plan Appears Beneficial for Greater Weight Loss

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, DECEMBER 10, 2012 Media Advisory: To contact Bonnie Spring, Ph.D., call Marla Paul at 312-503-8928 or email marla-paul@northwestern.edu. To contact commentary corresponding author Goutham Rao, M.D., call Andy Buchanan at 847-570-5732 or email abuchanan@northshore.org. CHICAGO – Use of a personal digital assistant (PDA) and telephone coaching appears to…

Binge Eating, Overeating May Be Associated with Initiating Use of Marijuana, Other Drugs

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, DECEMBER 10, 2012 Media Advisory: To contact Kendrin Sonneville, Sc.D., R.D., call Erin Tornatore at 617-919-3110 or email erin.tornatore@childrens.harvard.edu. CHICAGO – Overeating and binge eating may be associated with initiating use of marijuana and other drugs in a study of adolescents and young adults, according to a study…

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Archives of General Psychiatry Study Highlights

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, DECEMBER 3, 2012 Archives of General Psychiatry Study Highlights A population-based study in rural Thailand suggests that parents with all their children migrated out of the rural area at baseline had a lower odds of depression at one-year follow-up compared with parents with no or only some children…

Study Examines Psychotropic Medication Use Among U.S. Adolescents with Mental Disorders

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, DECEMBER 3, 2012 Media Advisory: To contact Kathleen Merikangas, Ph.D., call Colleen Labbe or Jim McElroy at 301-443-4536 or email NIMHpress@mail.nih.gov. To contact editorial author David Rubin, M.D., M.S.C.E., call Dana Mortensen at 267-426-6092 or email mortensen@email.chop.edu. CHICAGO – A survey finds that 14.2 percent of adolescents ages…

Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine Study Highlights

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, DECEMBER 3, 2012 Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine Study Highlights A survey finds that 14.2 percent of adolescents ages 13 to 18 years with any mental disorder reported being treated with a psychotropic medication in the last 12 months, which researchers suggest challenges concerns about widespread overmedication…

Longer Treatment for Male Urinary Tract Infection Not Associated with Reduced Early or Late Recurrence Risk

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, DECEMBER 3, 2012 Media Advisory: To contact study and research letter author Dimitri M. Drekonja, M.D., M.S., call Ralph Heussner at 612-467-3012 or email ralph.heussner@va.gov. To contact invited commentary author Barbara W. Trautner, M.D., Ph.D., call Dipali Pathak at 713-798-6826 or email pathak@bcm.edu. CHICAGO – A study of…

Archives of Internal Medicine Study Highlights

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, DECEMBER 3, 2012 Archives of Internal Medicine Study Highlights A study of more than 33,000 outpatient male veterans with urinary tract infection (UTI) suggests that compared to patients who received a shorter duration of antimicrobial therapy (for seven days or less), patients who received a longer duration of…

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