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Study Examines Reasons for Legal Action Related to Cutaneous Laser Surgery

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 2013   JAMA Dermatology Study Highlights Study Examines Reasons for Legal Action Related to Cutaneous Laser Surgery   H. Ray Jalian, M.D., of the Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, and colleagues searched online legal documents to find the common reasons for legal action, injuries and claims related…

Isotretinoin and Risk of Inflammatory Bowel Disease

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 2013   JAMA Dermatology Study Highlights Isotretinoin and Risk of Inflammatory Bowel Disease   Mahyar Etminan, Pharm.D., of the University of British Columbia, Canada, and colleagues examined the association between isotretinoin, a vitamin A derivative approved for the treatment of acne, and the risk for inflammatory…

Bariatric Surgery Not Associated With Reduced Overall Health Care Costs

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 2013 Media Advisory: To contact author Jonathan P. Weiner, DrPH., call Tim Parsons at 410-955-7619 or email tmparson@jhsph.edu. To contact critique author Edward H. Livingston, M.D., call JAMA Network Media Relations at 312-464-5262 or email mediarelations@jamanetwork.org. CHICAGO – An analysis of insurance claims data suggests that…

Study Examines Adult Psychiatric Outcomes of Childhood Bullying

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 2013 Media Advisory: To contact corresponding author William E. Copeland, Ph.D., call Sarah Avery at 919-660-1306 or email sarah.avery@duke.edu. CHICAGO – Victims of bullying during childhood were at increased risk of anxiety disorders in adulthood, and those who were both victims and perpetrators were at increased…

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Natalizumab Therapy Examined for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 2013   JAMA Neurology Study Highlights   Natalizumab Therapy Examined for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis   A study by Barbara Kornek, M.D., of the Medical University of Vienna, Austria, suggests that natalizumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody, may be associated with reductions in average annualized relapse rates and…

Study Suggests White Matter Hyperintensities May Be Associated With Presentation of Alzheimer Disease

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 2013   JAMA Neurology Study Highlights   Study Suggests White Matter Hyperintensities May Be Associated With Presentation of Alzheimer Disease   A study by Frank A. Provenzano, M.S., of Columbia University, New York, and colleagues suggests that Pittsburgh Compound B (PIB) positron-emission tomography-derived amyloid positivity and…

Survey Study Suggests Name Tags, Attire Important for Meeting Families in ICU

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 2013   JAMA Internal Medicine Study Highlights Survey Study Suggests Name Tags, Attire Important for Meeting Families in ICU   Selena Au, M.D., F.R.C.P.C., of the University of Calgary and Alberta Health Services-Calgary Zone, Canada, report in a research letter the results of a survey of…

Survey Examines Nutrition-Related Behavior Changes by Medical Professionals

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 2013   JAMA Internal Medicine Study Highlights Survey Examines Nutrition-Related Behavior Changes by Medical Professionals   In a research letter, David M. Eisenberg, M.D., of Harvard Medical School and the Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, and colleagues note that health care professionals, including physicians, self-reported…

Study Suggests Patients With Fewer Resources Less Likely to Die at Home

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 2013   JAMA Internal Medicine Study Highlights Study Suggests Patients With Fewer Resources Less Likely to Die at Home   Joshua S. Barclay, M.D., of the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, and colleagues suggest that terminally ill patients with lower incomes are less likely to die at…

Study Suggests Women Have Higher Risk of Hip Implant Failure

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 2013 Media Advisory: To contact study author Maria C.S. Inacio, M.S., call Catherine Hylas Saunders at 703-622-4152 or email csaunders@golinharris.com. To contact commentary author Diana Zuckerman, Ph.D., call Maura Duffy at 202- 223-4000 or email md@center4research.org. CHICAGO – Women appear to have a higher risk of…

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Study Suggests Reduced Lung Function in Infancy Associated with Wheeze Later

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 2013 Media Advisory: To contact corresponding author Steve W. Turner, M.D., email s.w.turner@abdn.ac.uk. To contact editorial author Kai-Håkon Carlsen, M.D., Ph.D., email k.h.carlsen@medisin.uio.no.   CHICAGO – A study in Australia suggests that reduced lung function in infancy was associated with wheezing beyond childhood at 18 years…

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Study Examines Factors for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders in Israeli Soldiers

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 13, 2013   JAMA Psychiatry Study Highlights   Study Examines Factors for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders in Israeli Soldiers A study by Ilan Wald, M.A., of Tel Aviv University, Israel, of infantry soldiers suggests that combat exposure interacts with threat-related attention, placing soldiers at risk for post-traumatic stress…

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Study Examines Vascular Injury, β-Amyloid Deposition and Cognition

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 2013   JAMA Neurology Study Highlights   Study Examines Vascular Injury, β-Amyloid Deposition and Cognition In a study of elderly patients, Natalie L. Marchant, Ph.D., of the University of California, Berkeley, and colleagues suggest there is no evidence that vascular brain injury (VBI) increases the likelihood…

Trial Compares Ways to Elicit Patient Values About Prostate-Specific Antigen Screening

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 2013   JAMA Internal Medicine Study Highlights Trial Compares Ways to Elicit Patient Values About Prostate-Specific Antigen Screening Michael Patrick Pignone, M.D., M.P.H., of the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, and colleagues conducted a randomized clinical in October 2011 in which men underwent a values…

Emergency Department Crowding May be Associated with Acute Coronary Syndrome-Induced Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 2013   JAMA Internal Medicine Study Highlights Emergency Department Crowding May be Associated with Acute Coronary Syndrome-Induced Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms   According to a research letter reporting the findings of a study by Donald Edmondson, Ph.D., and colleagues at Columbia University Medical Center, New York,…

Study Examines Medicaid Drug Selection Committees, Potential Conflicts of Interest

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 2013 Media Advisory: To contact corresponding author Lisa Bero, Ph.D., call Jason Bardi at 415-502-4608 or email jason.bardi@ucsf.edu. To contact commentary author Nirav Shah, M.D., M.P.H., call Bill Schwarz at 518-474-7354, ext. 1 or email bxs22@health.state.ny.us. CHICAGO – An analysis of policy documents from Medicaid programs,…

Study Finds Difficulty Obtaining Pricing, Varying Costs for Total Hip Replacement

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 9:30 A.M. (CT), MONDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 2013 Media Advisory: To contact study author Jaime A. Rosenthal call Jennifer L. Brown, Ph.D., at 319-356-7124 or email jennifer-l-brown@uiowa.edu. To contact commentary author Ezekiel J. Emanuel, M.D., Ph.D., call Holly Auer at (215) 349-5659 or email holly.auer@uphs.upenn.edu. CHICAGO – Researchers who sought to determine whether…

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Study Examines Seizures, Epilepsy in Children with Intracerebral Hemorrhage

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 11 A.M. (CT), THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 7, 2013   JAMA Neurology Study Highlights   Study Examines Seizures, Epilepsy in Children with Intracerebral Hemorrhage In a study conducted at three tertiary care pediatric hospitals, Lauren A. Beslow, M.D., M.S.C.E., of the of the Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn., and colleagues examined…

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Association Between High-Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein Levels and Risk of Macular Degeneration

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 7, 2013   JAMA Ophthalmology Study Highlights Association Between High-Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein Levels and Risk of Macular Degeneration Vinod P. Mitta, M.D., M.P.H., of the Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, and colleagues investigated the relationship between high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and the future risk of age-related…

Inflammatory Biomarker Levels May be Associated With Increased Risk of Macular Edema

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 7, 2013   JAMA Ophthalmology Study Highlights Inflammatory Biomarker Levels May be Associated With Increased Risk of Macular Edema Rajeev H. Muni, M.D., M.Sc., F.R.C.S.C., of the University of Toronto, Canada, and colleagues examined inflammatory biomarkers and the risk of diabetic retinopathy in the Diabetes Control and…

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Study Compares Electrical Current Therapy vs. Drug for Major Depressive Disorder

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 2013   JAMA Psychiatry Study Highlights   Study Compares Electrical Current Therapy vs. Drug for Major Depressive Disorder   In a clinical trial, Andre R. Brunoni, M.D., Ph.D., of the University of Sao Paulo, Brazil, and colleagues examined the safety and efficacy of electrical current therapy…

Study Examines Potential Transmission of Alzheimer, Parkinson Disease Protein in Cadaver Human Growth Hormone

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 2013 Media Advisory: To contact John Q. Trojanowski, M.D., Ph.D., call Kim Menard at 215-662-6183 or email kim.menard@uphs.upenn.edu. CHICAGO – A group of recipients of cadaver-derived human growth hormone (c-hGH) does not appear to be at increased risk for Alzheimer and Parkinson disease despite their likely…

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Study Examines Intimate Partner Violence, Maternal Depression

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 2013   JAMA Pediatrics Study Highlights   Study Examines Intimate Partner Violence, Maternal Depression Nerissa S. Bauer, M.D., M.P.H., and colleagues from the Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, examined the association between parent reports of intimate partner violence (IPV) and depressive symptoms within the first…

Study Suggests Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor Agonists Related to Adolescent Weight Loss

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 2013 Media Advisory: To contact study author Aaron S. Kelly, Ph.D., call Caroline Marin at 612-624-5680 or email crmarin@umn.edu. To contact editorial author Jeffrey B. Schwimmer, M.D., call Debra Kain at 619-543-6163 or email ddkain@ucsd.edu. CHICAGO – Preliminary evidence from a clinical trial suggests that treatment…

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Study Suggests High-Dose Ascorbic Acid Associated with Risk of Kidney Stones

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 2013   JAMA Internal Medicine Study Highlights Study Suggests High-Dose Ascorbic Acid Associated with Risk of Kidney Stones Laura D.K. Thomas, M.Sc., and colleagues at the Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden, evaluated whether ascorbic acid supplements (a form of Vitamin C, approximately 1,000 mg) were associated with…

Overall Health Status of Baby Boomers Appears Lower Than Previous Generation

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 2013   JAMA Internal Medicine Study Highlights Overall Health Status of Baby Boomers Appears Lower Than Previous Generation Dana E. King, M.D., M.S., of the West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, and colleagues studied the overall reported health status of aging baby boomers compared with…

Study Examines Why U.S. Adults Use Dietary Supplements

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 2013   JAMA Internal Medicine Study Highlights Study Examines Why U.S. Adults Use Dietary Supplements Regan L. Bailey, Ph.D., R.D., of the National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Md., and colleagues analyzed the motivations of U.S. adults for their use of dietary supplements and…

High Supplemental Calcium Intake May Be Associated with Increased Risk of Cardiovascular Disease Death in Men, Not Women

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 2013 Media Advisory: To contact study author Qian Xiao, Ph.D., call the National Cancer Institute Press Office at 301-496-6641 or email ncipressofficers@mail.nih.gov. To contact commentary author Susanna Larsson, Ph.D., email susanna.larsson@ki.se. CHICAGO – A high intake of supplemental calcium appears to be associated with an increased…

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Clinical Trial Evaluates Ranibizumab for Vitreous Hemorrhage

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), THURSDAY, JANUARY 31, 2013   JAMA Ophthalmology Study Highlights Clinical Trial Evaluates Ranibizumab for Vitreous Hemorrhage The Diabetic Retinopathy Clinical Research Network conducted a phase 3 double-masked, randomized, multi-center clinical trial to evaluate eye injections of ranibizumab compared with saline on vitrectomy (a surgical procedure to remove the jellylike…

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Study Examines Response to Scopolamine in Major Depressive Disorder

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 30, 2013   JAMA Psychiatry Study Highlights   Study Examines Response to Scopolamine in Major Depressive Disorder   Maura L. Furey, Ph.D., of the National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Md., and colleagues conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study together with repeated functional…

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Analysis of Data on Early Ambulatory Palliative Care for Patients with Lung Cancer

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, JANUARY 28, 2013   JAMA Internal Medicine Study Highlights Editor’s note: An author podcast will be available when the embargo lifts on the journal website at http://bit.ly/KEPNSw.   Analysis of Data on Early Ambulatory Palliative Care for Patients with Lung Cancer Jaclyn Yoong, M.B.B.S., F.R.A.C.P., of the Massachusetts…

Analysis, Historical Perspective on Migraine Therapeutics in Adolescents

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, JANUARY 28, 2013   JAMA Pediatrics Study Highlights   Analysis, Historical Perspective on Migraine Therapeutics in Adolescents Haihao Sun, M.D., Ph.D., of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, Md., and colleagues conducted a systematic review and analysis of trial data submitted to the FDA to identify…

Meta-Analysis Examines Pharmacologic Treatment of Pediatric Headaches

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, JANUARY 28, 2013   JAMA Pediatrics Study Highlights   Meta-Analysis Examines Pharmacologic Treatment of Pediatric Headaches In a meta-analysis, Khalil El-Chammas, M.D., of the Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, and colleagues reviewed available medical literature to assess the effectiveness of prophylactic headache treatment (to reduce the severity or…

Cardiac Disease Associated With Increased Risk of Nonamnestic Cognitive Impairmen

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, JANUARY 28, 2013 Media Advisory: To contact Rosebud O. Roberts, M.B., Ch.B., M.S., call Nicholas Hanson at 507-284-5005 or email newsbureau@mayo.edu. CHICAGO – Cardiac disease was associated with increased risk, particularly for women, of nonamnestic mild cognitive impairment (naMCI), which may be a precursor of vascular and other…

Research Letter Examines Perceived Hospitalist Workload and Patient Safety

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, JANUARY 28, 2013   JAMA Internal Medicine Study Highlights Research Letter Examines Perceived Hospitalist Workload and Patient Safety Henry J. Michtalik, M.D., M.P.H., M.H.S., of The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, and colleagues surveyed 506 physicians to examine the perceived effect of the average hospitalist workload on patient safety…

Patient Preferences for Defibrillator Deactivation Reported in Research Letter

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, JANUARY 28, 2013   JAMA Internal Medicine Study Highlights Patient Preferences for Defibrillator Deactivation Reported in Research Letter John A. Dodson, M.D., of the Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn., and colleagues conducted a survey that examined patient preferences for the deactivation of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs)…

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JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery Study Highlights

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), THURSDAY, JANUARY 24, 2013   JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery Study Highlights   Andrew A. Jacono, M.D., of North Shore University Hospital, Manhasset, N.Y., and colleagues performed a retrospective review of patients who underwent surgical midface rejuvenation procedures by a single surgeon and the outcome was determined by patient satisfaction…

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JAMA Psychiatry Study Highlights

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 23, 2013   JAMA Psychiatry Study Highlights   Personality-Targeted Prevention Program for Adolescent Alcohol Use and Misuse Patricia J. Conrod, Ph.D., with Universite de Montreal, Centre Hospitalier et Universitaire Ste Justine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, and colleagues conducted a cluster randomized controlled trial to report 24-month outcomes of…

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Study Suggests Increased Rate of Diagnosis of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder at Health Plan

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, JANUARY 21, 2013 Media Advisory: To contact study author Darios Getahun, M.D., Ph.D., call Sandra Hernandez-Millett at 626-405-5384 or email sandra.d.hernandez-millett@kp.org or call Vincent Staupe at 415-318-4386 or email vstaupe@golinharris.com. CHICAGO – A study of medical records at the Kaiser Permanente Southern California health plan suggests the rate…

JAMA Pediatrics Study Highlights

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, JANUARY 21, 2013   JAMA Pediatrics Study Highlights   Undervaccination in Managed Care Organizations in the United States Jason M. Glanz, Ph.D., of the Institute for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Colorado, Denver, and Colorado School of Public Health, and colleagues conducted a retrospective cohort study of more than…

Study Suggests Association Between Regular Aspirin Use, Increased Risk of Age-Related Macular Degeneration

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, JANUARY 21, 2013 Media Advisory: To contact Jie Jin Wang, Ph.D., email jiejin.wang@sydney.edu.au. To contact commentary author Sanjay Kaul, M.D., email sanjay.kaul@cshs.org. CHICAGO – Regular aspirin use appears to be associated with an increased risk of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD), which is a leading cause of blindness…

Hearing Loss May Be Related to Cognitive Decline in Older Adults

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, JANUARY 21, 2013 Media Advisory: To contact study author Frank R. Lin, M.D., Ph.D., call David March at 410-955-1534 or email dmarch1@jhmi.edu. To contact research letter corresponding author Bonnielin K. Swenor, M.P.H., call John Lazarou at 410-502-8902 or email jlazaro1@jhmi.edu. CHICAGO – Hearing loss appears to be associated…

JAMA Internal Medicine Study Highlights

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), MONDAY, JANUARY 21, 2013   JAMA Internal Medicine Study Highlights   Chia-Fang Wu, M.S., Ph.D., of Kaohsiung Medical University, Taiwan, and colleagues conducted a crossover study of noodle soup consumption in melamine bowls and total melamine excretion in urine. A continuous low-dose of melamine exposure may be associated with…

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JAMA Ophthalmology Study Highlights

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), THURSDAY, JANUARY 17, 2013   JAMA Ophthalmology Study Highlights Scotomas (localized defects in the visual field bordered by an area of normal vision) causing central visual field loss are associated with delayed reactions to pedestrians as assessed in a driving simulator, according to a study of 11 participants with…

JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery Study Highlights

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), THURSDAY, JANUARY 17, 2013   JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery Study Highlights Among 314 children who had passed their universal newborn hearing screen (NHS), 78 children were later diagnosed with hearing loss (age at diagnosis ranged from 1 month to 10 years), 37 of whom had severe or profound…

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Study Suggests Lung Cancer Mortality Highest in Black Persons Living in Most Segregated Counties

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 16, 2013 Media Advisory: To contact Awori J. Hayanga, M.D., M.P.H., call Clare LaFond at 206-685-1323 or email clareh@uw.edu. To contact invited critique author David C. Chang, Ph.D., M.P.H., M.B.A., call Michelle Brubaker at 619-543-6163 or email mmbrubaker@ucsd.edu. CHICAGO – Lung cancer mortality appears to be higher…

Smartphone Applications Assessing Melanoma Risk Appear to be Highly Variable

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 16, 2013 Media Advisory: To contact corresponding author Laura K. Ferris, M.D., Ph.D., call Carrie Stevenson at 412-586-9778 or email beckerc@upmc.edu. CHICAGO – Performance of smartphone applications in assessing melanoma risk is highly variable and 3 of 4 applications incorrectly classified 30 percent or more of melanomas…

JAMA Surgery Study Highlights

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 16, 2013 JAMA Surgery Study Highlights Lung cancer mortality appears to be higher in black persons and highest in blacks living in the most segregated counties in the United States, regardless of socioeconomic status (See news release below). One in 203 surgical patients undergoes cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR),…

JAMA Dermatology Study Highlights

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 16, 2013 JAMA Dermatology Study Highlights Performance of smartphone applications in assessing melanoma risk is highly variable and 3 of 4 applications incorrectly classified 30 percent or more of melanomas as unconcerning. The authors suggest that reliance on these applications, which are not subject to regulatory oversight,…

JAMA Psychiatry Study Highlights

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 3 P.M. (CT), WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 16, 2013   JAMA Psychiatry Study Highlights A relative decline in cognitive performance in adolescence and young adulthood, particularly in verbal ability, is associated with increased risk for psychosis in adulthood, and a relative decline in verbal ability between ages 13 and 18 years is a stronger…

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