Estimated Change in Anxiety, Depression Among US Adults During First Year of Pandemic

JAMA Network Open


Media advisory: The full study is linked to this news release.

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About The Study: In this telephone survey study of more than 1.4 million respondents in the U.S., the occurrence of clinically significant anxiety and depression increased only modestly overall in 2020 during the COVID-19 pandemic, less than suggested by online surveys. However, this modest increase could mask more substantial increases in key population segments (such as first responders) and might have become larger in 2021 and 2022.

Authors: Ronald C. Kessler, Ph.D., of Harvard Medical School in Boston, is the corresponding author.



Editor’s Note: Please see the article for additional information, including other authors, author contributions and affiliations, conflict of interest and financial disclosures, and funding and support.

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