Depression, PTSD in Flint, Michigan, 5 Years After Onset of Water Crisis

JAMA Network Open


Media advisory: The full study is linked to this news release.

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About The Study: In this cross-sectional study, 1,970 adults living in Flint, Michigan, during the water crisis were surveyed about their crisis experiences, their psychological symptoms five years later, and their access to and use of mental health services in the intervening years. More than one-fifth met criteria for presumptive past-year depression, nearly one-quarter for past-year presumptive posttraumatic stress disorder, and more than one-tenth for both disorders five years after the onset of the water crisis. Only 34.8% were ever offered mental health services to assist with water-crisis-related psychiatric symptoms, and most (79.3%) who were offered services utilized them.

Authors: Aaron Reuben, Ph.D., M.E.M., of the Medical University of South Carolina in Charleston, is the corresponding author.



Editor’s Note: Please see the article for additional information, including other authors, author contributions and affiliations, conflict of interest and financial disclosures, and funding and support.

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