Study Estimates Firearm Deaths Globally in 2016



Media advisory: To contact corresponding author Mohsen Naghavi, M.D., Ph.D., email Kelly Bienhoff at The full study is available on the For The Media website.

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Bottom Line: Around the world there were an estimated 195,000 to 276,000 firearm deaths in 2016, the majority of them homicides, compared with 1990 when there were an estimated 172,000 to 235,000 firearm deaths.

Why The Research Is Interesting: Understanding global firearm death rates and variation between countries can help to guide prevention policies and interventions.

What and When: Deaths due to firearms (homicides, suicides and unintentional deaths) in 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2016

What (Study Measures and Outcomes): Firearm ownership and access (exposures); deaths by age, sex, location and year (outcomes).

How (Study Design): This was a data analysis.

Authors: Mohsen Naghavi, M.D., Ph.D., Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, and coauthors


Study Limitations: A number of study imitations exist, including that the accuracy of estimates in the study depend on the availability of data and the quality and completeness of the data vary.


Related material available on the For The Media website:

— A Summary Video: This video reviews findings from a Global Burden of Disease study that estimates rates of firearm homicide and suicide and unintentional gun deaths in 195 countries and territories between 1990 and 2016, with editorial commentary by Daniel Webster, Sc.D., M.P.H., Director of the Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Policy and Research. Daniel Webster can be contacted at

The video is available for download or to embed on your website. Download the video as a high-quality MP4 file by clicking on this link and then right-clicking and selecting “save video as.” In addition, you may copy and paste the html code below to embed the video on your website.

— The JAMA editorial, “Firearm-Related Mortality – A Global Public Health Problem,” by Frederick P. Rivara, M.D., M.P.H., University of Washington, Seattle, and Editor in Chief, JAMA Network Open, and coauthors

To Learn More: The full study is available on the For The Media website.


Editor’s Note: Please see the article for additional information, including other authors, author contributions and affiliations, financial disclosures, funding and support, etc.

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For more information, contact JAMA Network Media Relations at 312-464-JAMA (5262) or email


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