Dietary Supplement Use in Children, Adolescents

JAMA Pediatrics

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 11 A.M. (ET), MONDAY, JUNE 18, 2018

Media advisory: To contact corresponding author Dima M. Qato, Pharm.D., M.P.H., Ph.D., email Jacqueline Carey at jmcarey@uic.edu. The full study is available on the For The Media website.

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Translation available: A translation in simplified Chinese is available below.

本篇新闻发布稿件备有翻译版本:以下内容为中文简体翻译版本

 

Bottom Line: About one-third of children and adolescents in the United States use dietary supplements.

Why The Research Is Interesting: Data are lacking on the use of dietary supplements by children and adolescents, and dietary supplements are often implicated in preventable adverse drug events in this population.

Who and When: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data for 4,404 children and adolescents (up to age 19) from 2003 to 2014

What (Study Measures and Outcomes): Estimates of the frequency of dietary supplement use, including both nutritional products and alternative medicine products

How (Study Design): This was a survey study.

Authors: Dima M. Qato, Pharm.D., M.P.H., Ph.D., of the University of Illinois at Chicago, and coauthors

Results:

Study Limitations: Estimates based on survey data

Study Conclusions: Many of the most commonly used supplements, including multivitamins, are implicated in preventable adverse drug events in children and adolescents.

Related Material: An editor article review podcast with Aaron E. Carroll, M.D., M.S., JAMA Pediatrics digital media editor, also is available on the For The Media website. The audio transcript is available here.

 

To Learn More: The full study is available on the For The Media website.

(doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.1008)

Editor’s Note: The article contains conflict of interest and funding/support disclosures. Please see the article for additional information, including other authors, author contributions and affiliations, financial disclosures, funding and support, etc.

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For more information, contact JAMA Network Media Relations at 312-464-JAMA (5262) or email mediarelations@jamanetwork.org.

 

Translation in Simplified Chinese

中文简体翻译版本

禁止提前报道指令解除时间:2018618日,星期一,美国东部时间上午11

 

媒体咨询:联系通讯作者Dima M. Qato, Pharm.D., M.P.H., Ph.D., 请发电子邮件到Jacqueline Carey jmcarey@uic.edu

 

儿童及青少年膳食补充剂

概要: 根据《美国医学会杂志 -儿科学》(JAMA Pediatrics)发表的一项研究,美国约有三分之一的儿童和青少年使用膳食补充剂。

 

为何对该问题感兴趣:目前缺乏儿童和青少年使用膳食补充剂的数据,而该人群中的许多可预防的不良药物事件会涉及到膳食补充剂。

 

研究参与者及时间:2003年至2014年间,来自国家健康和营养调查(NHANES)所包括的4,404名儿童和青少年(19岁以下)的调查数据。

 

研究内容(研究手段及结果):估计膳食补充剂的使用频率,包括营养品和替代性药品

 

研究设计:这是一项调查性研究。

 

作者:Dima M. Qato, Pharm.D., M.P.H., Ph.D., 芝加哥伊利诺伊大学,以及共同作者

 

研究结果:

  • 同2003至2004年期间类似,在2013至2014年,2% 的儿童和青少年使用膳食补充剂
  • 2003至2014年间的营养品使用没有变化
  • 替代性药品补充剂的使用几乎增加了一倍,达到7%,(这主要是由于ω-3 脂肪酸补充剂的使用以及使用褪黑激素作为睡眠助剂造成的)
  • 2003至2014年间最常用的儿童和青少年膳食补充剂为多种维生素补充剂

 

研究局限:研究中的估算是基于调查数据得来的

 

研究结论:许多最常用的补充剂,包括多种维生素,都提示与儿童和青少年可预防的不良药物事件有关。

 

欲了解更多信息:在下面网站可以获得该研究的全文,For The Media:http://media.jamanetwork.com/.