Association of NFL Fan Attendance With County-Level COVID-19 Incidence in 2020-2021 Season

JAMA Network Open

EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: 11 A.M. (ET), FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 2022

Media advisory: The full study and commentary are linked to this news release.

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About The Study: In this cross-sectional study of the presence of fans at National Football League (NFL) home games during the 2020-2021 season, results indicated that fan attendance was associated with increased levels of COVID-19 in the counties in which the venues are nested within, as well as in surrounding counties. The spikes in COVID-19 for crowds of over 20,000 people suggest that large events should be handled with extreme caution during public health event(s) where vaccines, on-site testing, and various countermeasures are not readily available to the public. 

Authors: Wanda E. Leal, Ph.D., of Sam Houston State University in Huntsville, Texas, is the corresponding author. 

 

(doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.40132)

Editor’s Note: Please see the article for additional information, including other authors, author contributions and affiliations, conflict of interest and financial disclosures, and funding and support.

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